In the BaM project we will compare how people without a migration background experience living in diverse neighborhoods in three harbor cities (Rotterdam, Antwerp and Malmö) and three financial and service cities (Amsterdam, Vienna and Hamburg).

The international BaM project consists of research in six cities in five European countries. BaM selected two types of comparable cities: harbour cities and service sector cities. The comparison of the harbour cities with the service sector cities brings in the importance of the labour market structure. The comparison of all cities will provide an insight into how responses to becoming a minority vary across political, historical and cultural contexts. Which national, local and neighbourhood factors explain these different responses? What are the circumstances that explain either acceptance of ethnic diversity or resistance to the ethnic diversity in majority-minority city contexts?

The BaM project will highlight the factors found in cities and neighborhoods that either have a positive or a negative effect on a feeling of well-being and feeling ‘at home’ in a multi ethnic society.


How do people engage with each other in a neighbourhood where everybody is a minority?